Sheep In Art

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Animals in Art

Updated July 2016

Though this article has been included on this website for a long time it now forms part of a series of articles featuring animals in art. As a person who loves and cares about animals and an on-line activist for the cause of animal rights I often paint animals or include animals in some way in my art work. So I thought it might be interesting to showcase the work of other artists from the past and present, both the famous and not so famous who have chosen animals as subjects or have prominently included animals in their art. These articles will also include a How To section where you can find links to art instruction information concerning the featured animal . Also a How To Help sectionwith information concerning how you can help whichever animals is the subject of the article.

This section highlights sheep as they feature in works of art down through the ages to the present day. 

Please click the graphics to access a larger image.

Prehistoric art

A petroglyph of bighorn sheep *1

The above petroglyph (not to be confused with pictograph) shows a caravan of  bighorn sheep near Moab, Utah, USA. Petroglyphs are found throughout the world mostly rendered by prehistoric people, they are made by craving and incising, rather like engraving. Although the reasons why they were created is not known it has been suggested that petroglyphs may have religious or cultural significance. Petroglyphs may also represent  some kind of symbolic communication or ritualistic language. It is also thought that they may have been made by shamans in an altered state of consciousness, induced perhaps by the use of  natural hallucinogens

Sheep appear in the art of stained glass

In western cultures during the middle ages religion was the subject of most art. The art of Stained glass painting, which may be seen in churches and cathedrals from medieval times to the present day, often features sheep. Sheep are symbolic in the Christian religion, sheep in religion and mythology and this symbolism is depicted in many amazing stained glass windows. Here is a selection from the UK.

This example in in St John's chapel, Ludlow parish church and dates from the 15th century.

Stained glass window in Gloucester Cathedral

The Ghent Altarpiece

Sheep and religious symbolism was and still is a theme throughout many ages in many art forms such as the example shown below from the 15th century, the Ghent Altarpiece or Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, in Dutch Het Lam Gods the lamb of God .

Section from the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck completed in 1432

 

Left the Ghent Altarpiece in its entirety

 

 

 

Completed in 1432 the Ghent Altarpiece, is an early polyptech panel painting from the Netherlands painted by Jan van Eyck. The section above shows the adoration of the lamb of God, which refers to Jesus' mission as a sacrificial lamb who by his sacrifice atones for the sins of mankind.

For more information refer to sheep in religion and mythology

Illuminated manuscripts

In the art of manuscript illumination of the middle ages again sheep feature in many of these highly decorative volumes. The example below from the Aberdeen Bestiary shows three illuminations featuring sheep.

 
Aberdeen Ram *2
Aberdeen Lamb
Wolf sneaking up to the sheepfold. Aberdeen Bestiary 12th century Aberdeen University Library, Univ. Lib. MS 24 3*

A bestiary in short is a catalogue of beasts, sometimes plants and minerals were included also. Such volumes were popular in the middle ages. A bestiary includes a drawing or highly decorative illumination of each animal along with a short description of its attributes and behaviours. Included are all sorts of animals both real and imaginary, including sheep.  Bestiaries deal with the natural world, although the theme of religion still presents as the account of the immergence of life at this period and is still of course biblical.

Considered one of the best examples of illuminated manuscripts the Aberdeen bestiary was written and illuminated in approximately 1200. The book is lavishly illustrated and contains the biblical account of the creation story and gives short but non scientific descriptions, some of which are amazingly accurate while others are fanciful, along with a moral lesson. Concerning lambs the writer correctly observes that sheep are good mothers and a lamb recognises his or her mother's bleat from amongst thousands.

Below is the translated description of the ram and lamb which accompanies the graphics above.

Of the wether, or ram

The wether gets its name, vervex, either from its strength, vires, because it is stronger than other sheep, or because it is a man, vir, that is, male, or because it has worms, vermes, in its head; irritated by the itching which these cause, wethers strike each other, butting their heads together in combat with great force. It is also called a ram, aries, from the Greek, Ares, that is, the god of war; in Latin, Mars; that is why we call the males in a flock mares. Or because, once upon a time, this animal was offered as a sacrifice by pagans on their altars: thus, aries, because it is laid upon an altar, ara. From which we get: 'the ram is sacrificed at the altar' (see Exodus, 29:18).

Of the lamb

The lamb is called agnus possibly from the Greek word agnos, pious. Some think that it gets the Latin form of its name because, more than any other animal, it recognises, agnoscere, its mother, so much so that, even if it strays in the midst of a large flock, it recognises its mother's voice by her bleat and hurries to her. It seeks out also the sources of mother's milk which are familiar to it. The mother recognises her lamb alone among many thousands of others. Lambs in large numbers make the same baa-ing noise and look the same, yet she picks out her offspring among the others and by her great show of tenderness identifies it as hers alone.


To see the above graphics and and the descriptions as they appear on the page of the Bestiary please visit the website of the University of Aberdeen 

Text f21r The ram, the lamb, the he-goat - The Aberdeen Bestiary
 

Chinese art

A Sheep and Goat, by Chinese painter Zhao Mengfu. Handscroll, ink on paper, by Zhao Mengfu
 

Zhao Mengfu 1254 to 1322 was a Chinese scholar, an eminent calligrapher and painter in the Chinese tradition of the early Yuan Dynasty. An artist noted for his versatility, although he was particularly well known for his paintings of horses. He was court painter and held other high government posts. The subscription at the left of the painting states Zhao's motivation for the work: 

"I have painted horses before, but have never painted sheep [or goats]. So when Zhongxin requested a painting, I playfully drew these for him from life. Though I cannot get close to the ancient masters, I have managed somewhat to capture their essential spirit."

Surrealism

Salvador Dali:  The Sheep
Salvador Dali The Ram

The above The Sheep is a painting rendered in oils, by Salvador Dali and  was a adaptation from a painting by Karl Schenk

Pre Raphaelite

The Hireling Shepherd William Holman Hunt. Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester

The subject of this Pre-Raphaelite painting by William Holman Hunt was inspired by Shakespeare's King Lear, in the play Edgar sings a song about a shepherd neglecting his flock. When the painting was first displayed in the Royal Academy it was accompanied by this quotation from King Lear  

Sleepeth or waketh thou, jolly shepherd?

Thy sheep be in the corn;

And for one blast of thy minikin mouth,

Thy sheep shall take no harm.

At first glance the scene appears idyllic, however, it is full of symbolism. There are several suggestions as to the nature of the symbolism in this painting, one of which is that Hunt uses the hireling shepherd to demonstrate the importance of a good work ethic as opposed to the potential detrimental effects of idleness; the shepherd's neglect has resulted in the poor health of the sheep.  If you look carefully in the back ground you will see a sheep on her back, legs flailing in the air, other sheep have escaped into the corn filed and will be ill as a consequence of what farmers call  being "blown", the girl is feeding the lamb green apples which will make him sick.

Often though Hunt's paintings had religious symbolism. Hunt was a Pre-Raphaelite painter, symbolism was important to the Pre-Raphaelites, and in a letter to Manchester City Art Gallery he indicated that the couple symbolised the pointless theological divisions which occupied the attentions of many clergymen, and while so distracted their "flocks"  went astray; shepherds and sheep have biblical symbolism as discussed in  sheep in religion and mythology. A congregation is compared to a flock and Jesus to a shepherd

 
Our English Coasts (strayed sheep) William Holman Hunt 1827-1910. Tate Gallery London

The charming pastoral scene above intricately painted and rendered in oils on canvas was painted by William Holman Hunt in 1852.  After the success of The Hireling Shepherd William Holman Hunt was asked by Charles T. Maud to paint another picture continuing the theme of the wandering sheep, the painting shows the staying of the neglected flock along the cliffs.  For the back ground of the work Hunt used the cliffs of Fairlight, east of Hastings.

Sheep featured in ancient mosaics

 

 

A Shepherd 4*

Above is a section of a highly detailed and well preserved ancient Roman mosaic. Detail from "Elijah's apotheosis", (late 4th century),

Ram mosaic 5*

The above is a Roman mosaic showing a ram found in Aquileia in Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy. Both this and the mosaic above are fine examples of the ancient Roman art of mosaic, the art of creating images with small pieces of coloured stone or glass which are formed into tiny tiles known as tesserare which are used to create pictures or patterns. Mosaics where used to decorate the floors, walls and even ceilings of Roman villas or other places of importance.The art of mosaic presents in other cultures through the ages to the present day. A modern example of mosaic is the Museum of Natural History station of the New York Subway.

Sculpture

Bronze of Ram 6*

Ancient Greek Bronze of a ram, a magnificent and realistic sculpture exhibited in the  Regional Archaeological Museum Palermo (Museo Archeologico Regionale)

Shepherd and Sheep 7* 

Shepherd and Sheep sculpture by Dame Elisabeth Frink, called Paternoster, it is situated in Paternoster Square, London, which was in times past a live stock market.

Sheep in Contemporary art

Below is a fine example of contemporary art work and again the subject is religious symbolism.

Brass Agnus Dei from altar-front in the Cathedral of the Assumption in Louisville, Kentucky

This is an unusual Agnus Dei from the alter-front in the Cathedral of the Assumption in Louisville, Kentucky. Agnus Dei is Latin for the lamb of God and like the polyptech above by Jan van Eyck it is analogous to Jesus'  mission as that of a sacrificial lamb.

Pastel Portrait of a Lamb

Pastel Portrait of a Lamb by Richard Macwee.

Above is a recent painting by wildlife artist Richard Macwee. Richard's artwork is a fine example of a detailed painting rendered in soft pastel on sanded paper

More information about this painting
http://illustratinganimals.com/pastel-portrait-lamb/

View a time lapse Video

 

View more of this artist's work

Illustrating Animals
http://illustratinganimals.com/

Staffordshire Pottery and Sheep

Sheep are often depicted in the ever popular antique Staffordshire pottery such as the 19th century ornament shown below.

Nineteenth century Staffordshire sheep

Sheep depicted on Chinese artifacts

Square zun with four sheep 8*

In ancient times sheep were regarded by the Chinese as mild tempered animals which indeed they are. The sheep was also considered an auspicious animal. For these reasons many artifacts include depictions of sheep in some form or other.

Read more information and view a more detailed version of the above and other ancient Chinese artifacts decorated with sheep patterns and other representations of sheep

http://www.kaogu.net.cn/en/News/Academic_activities/2015/0203/49162.html

Sheep in Street art

Street Art Dresden transformer station *9 *10

Sheep may seem an unlikely subject for Street art

Above is a depiction of a sheep painted on the walls of Dresden transformer station

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fassade_an_Dresdener_Trafostation_P3170099.jpg

Sheep in Zentangle

Sheep as they feature in the latest Zentangle art form craze. Below is a particularly creative example.

Sheep in a Zentangle meadow

The above painting rendered in watercolour by Sandra Strait is an excellent example of the amazing art of Zentangle.

Check out the painting and more information: http://lifeimitatesdoodles.blogspot.co.uk/2015/12/use-to-amuse-zentangle-tanglepatterns.html

Sheep in photographic art 

Light relief. You might find this link amusing as well as very creative. Be sure to read the text which accompanies the photographs.

Sheep in Art History - a set on Flickr

How To

"How to draw Sheep & Lambs. Sheep & Lamb Drawing Lessons and step by step drawing tutorials. Learn how to draw and sketch Sheep and create great cartoons, illustrations and drawings with these free drawing lessons."

http://www.drawinghowtodraw.com/drawing-lessons/drawing-animals-creatures-lessons/howtodraw-sheepslambs-tutorials.html

 

How to Help Sheep

From PETA

Exposť: Sheep Killed, Punched, Stomped on, and Cut for Wool

More information and action you can take:
http://investigations.peta.org/australia-us-wool/

Help stop sheep cruelty

From Animals Australia

Did you know that sheep can learn their own name and be taught tricks just like dogs? Did you also know that right now, these gentle animals need your help?

Sadly, in the meat and wool industries, sheep's interests come a sorry second to profits. Denied the protection of the cruelty laws that protect other animals, these intelligent, feeling animals can have parts of their bodies cut off without pain relief, and be cruelly confined.

Read More and Take Action
http://www.animalsaustralia.org/issues/stop-sheep-cruelty.php

Credits

1) A petroglyph of bighorn sheep  Photo by Jim Bouldin  Published under GNU Free Documentation License
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:MtnSheepPetroglyph.jpg

2) Ram, Lamb by wikimedia user, Steven Walling Public domain
File:Aberdeen ram.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Aberdeen Lamb.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

3) Wolf sneaking up to sheepfold, Wikimedia user Bearerofthecup File:Wolf sneak.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

4) photograph courtesy of Giovanni Dall'Orto   Wikimedia Commons  Image:1419 - Milano - S. Lorenzo - Cappella S. Aquilino - Apoteosi di Elia - P

5) Photograph  File:Aquileia, Basilica. Montone Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto.jpg  Giovanni Dall'Orto.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aquileia,_Basilica._Montone_Foto_Giovanni_Dall%27Orto.jpg

6) Bronze of a ram.  photograph Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Image:Palermo-Museo-Archeologico-bjs-07.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

7) Flickr user Rimski  Shepherd and Sheep on Flickr - Photo Sharing! licensed under creative commons Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 Generic

8) Photograph file:File:Square_zun_with_four_sheep_01.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Square_zun_with_four_sheep_01.jpg

9) Photograph file: Fassade an Dresdener Trafostation P3170099.jpg9) various licenses
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fassade_an_Dresdener_Trafostation_P3170099.jpg

10) photograph file: File: Fassade an Dresdener Trafostation P3170103.jpg Various licences
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fassade_an_Dresdener_Trafostation_P3170103.jpg

 

(Important: Please note the information on this webpage is included for interest only, it is not suitable for serious study as precise accuracy cannot be guaranteed.  Please keep in mind that information included on this website has been researched to the best of my ability and any misinformation is quite by accident but is of course possible.

Copyright, accreditations and other matters, please read

 

 

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